Cabotage and Environment
Coastal navigation consists of cargo transportation carried arranged between ports or cities in Brazil, using the sea or inland waterways.
Cabotage is a viable alternative to form the supply chain of many industries, contributing significantly in environmental preservation, transferring the demand for cargo transportation to the land by sea, helping to reduce levels of pollution on the planet.
Mercosul Line operates mainly on cabotage using containers. Containerization is characterized by the intermodal transportation using containers of pre-defined sizes, which allows the stuffing and sealing of containers that can be carried by ships, trucks and airplanes. Before the introduction of containers, cargo handling was expensive and time consuming. Cargo transportation had never been so safe and affordable. Invented in 1956, this modality accounts for more than 90% of all global transportation of goods. The transportation in containers changed world trade and played a central role in the globalization process.
Transportation and Environment
- A cargo plane emits 20 to 50 times more CO2 than a container ship given the same distance and the same cargo weight.
This means that for a plasma TV to get the consumer's home probably accounted for more carbon on the way home from the store to the customer than the emission from the truck which traveled 200 km between the port and store. Yet, within this context the resulting emission of maritime transportation for thousands of miles between factory and port of destination is almost irrelevant when compared to other stages of the path.
The Brazilian transportation mix, strongly supported by the railroads, generates high impact on the economy in the country:
- High operating cost generating higher final consumer price (higher consumption of fuel and maintenance costs of infrastructure)